Surah Duha, also known as Surah Ad-Duha, is the 93rd chapter of the Quran. It consists of 11 verses and is revealed in Makkah. This surah carries a profound message of hope, reassurance, and gratitude from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Surah Duha begins with Allah addressing the Prophet, saying, “By the morning brightness and by the night when it covers with darkness, your Lord has not taken leave of you, nor has He detested you” (Quran 93:1-3). These verses highlight the importance of recognizing that Allah has not abandoned His beloved Prophet, even during difficult times. The Prophet Muhammad faced numerous challenges and adversities, and this surah serves as a source of solace and encouragement for him.
The subsequent verses in Surah Duha convey Allah’s promise of better times to come. He reassures the Prophet by saying, “And indeed, the Hereafter is better for you than the present life. And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied” (Quran 93:4-5). These words offer consolation and remind the Prophet of the eternal reward awaiting him in the Hereafter. It serves as a reminder that the difficulties faced in this world are temporary, and the everlasting life to come is far superior.
Surah Duha also emphasizes the importance of gratitude and acknowledges the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon the Prophet. Allah says, “Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? And He found you lost and guided [you]. And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient” (Quran 93:6-8). These verses highlight the transformative journey of the Prophet, from a vulnerable orphan to the leader of a great nation, guided by Allah’s mercy and support.
Moreover, Surah Duha reminds believers of their obligation to help those in need. Allah instructs the Prophet, “So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him]. But as for the favor of your Lord, report it” (Quran 93:9-11). These verses emphasize the importance of treating orphans and those seeking assistance with kindness and compassion. They also emphasize the significance of acknowledging and spreading the blessings and favors granted by Allah.