Surah Al-Haqqah, also known as “The Inevitable Reality,” is the 69th chapter of the Quran. It is a Makki surah, revealed in Makkah during the early period of Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) prophethood. Surah Haqqah addresses the fundamental truths of life, the Day of Judgment, and the consequences of one’s actions.
The surah begins with a stern declaration: “The Inevitable Reality! What is the Inevitable Reality? And what can make you know what is the Inevitable Reality?” (Quran 69:1-3). This opening sets the tone for the surah, emphasizing the certainty and importance of the Day of Judgment. It captures the attention of the listeners, urging them to reflect upon the profound reality that awaits them beyond this earthly life.
The surah then describes the events that will unfold on the Day of Judgment. It vividly portrays the catastrophic scenes of the earth shaking violently, mountains crumbling, and mankind being divided into groups. People’s deeds will be laid bare, and they will be held accountable for their actions. The surah emphasizes the notion of divine justice, where the righteous will be rewarded and the wicked will face punishment.
Surah Haqqah highlights the arrogance and heedlessness of those who deny the Day of Judgment. It exposes their false sense of security and warns them of the consequences they will face for rejecting the truth. It challenges their self-assured attitude with the question: “What is [the matter] with you? How do you judge?” (Quran 69:36). It serves as a wake-up call, urging individuals to reflect on the signs of God’s existence and power in the world around them.
The surah then presents examples from history to remind people of the fate of past nations who denied the truth and faced the wrath of God. It mentions the stories of ‘Ad and Thamud, two ancient civilizations that were destroyed due to their arrogance, transgression, and rejection of the messengers. These historical accounts serve as lessons for humanity, demonstrating the consequences of disobedience and the importance of heeding the message of the Prophets.
Furthermore, Surah Haqqah emphasizes the temporary nature of worldly possessions and the true significance of faith and righteous deeds. It challenges the prevailing societal norms that prioritize material wealth and power, reminding individuals that on the Day of Judgment, these worldly possessions will hold no value. The surah emphasizes the eternal rewards that await those who strive in the path of God and establish a deep connection with Him.