Surah Al-Hashr, also known as “The Exile,” is the 59th chapter of the Qur’an. It was revealed in Medina during the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and consists of 24 verses. The Surah emphasizes various aspects of faith, community life, and the consequences of disobedience.
Surah Hashr begins by highlighting the might and power of Allah, describing Him as the One who drives out the disbelievers from their homes, causing fear and terror in their hearts. This is a reminder to the believers of the importance of having trust and reliance on Allah in times of adversity.
The Surah then mentions the lessons to be learned from the expulsion of the Jewish tribes of Banu Nadir and Banu Qaynuqa, who were expelled from their homes due to their betrayal and violation of treaties with the Muslims. This serves as a warning to the believers against similar behavior and emphasizes the significance of fulfilling one’s obligations and maintaining trustworthiness in all aspects of life.
Furthermore, Surah Hashr emphasizes the importance of unity and community life. It encourages the Muslims to help and support one another and warns against divisions and disputes that can weaken the community. The Surah describes the believers as “helpers of one another” and encourages them to stand together in times of difficulty and in the face of external threats.
The Surah also highlights the significance of charity and generosity. It mentions the example of the Emigrants (Muhajirun) and the Helpers (Ansar) who shared their wealth with those who migrated from Makkah to Medina for the sake of Allah. This act of generosity is praised, and the Surah emphasizes the rewards and blessings that come with giving in the cause of Allah.
Additionally, Surah Hashr emphasizes the importance of obedience to Allah and His Messenger. It describes the consequences of disobedience and warns against following the footsteps of those who deviated from the right path. The Surah mentions the example of the hypocrites who pledged allegiance to Islam but did not truly believe in their hearts. Their hypocrisy is condemned, and it serves as a reminder for the believers to strive for sincerity and authenticity in their faith.
The Surah also highlights the significance of reflection and contemplation. It encourages the believers to ponder over the signs of Allah in the creation, such as the earth, the heavens, and the various creatures. This contemplation is a means of increasing faith and recognizing the greatness of Allah’s creation.