Surah Maryam is the 19th chapter (surah) of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. It is named after Maryam (Mary), the mother of Jesus (Isa). Surah Maryam primarily focuses on the stories of several prophets, including Zechariah (Zakariya), John the Baptist (Yahya), and Jesus. It emphasizes the miraculous nature of the birth of John the Baptist and Jesus, highlighting Mary’s chastity and devotion to God.
The surah begins with an account of Zechariah’s prayer for a child, despite his old age and his wife’s barrenness. Allah responds to his supplication and grants him a son, John, who would become a righteous and pious prophet.
The story then shifts to Mary, who receives the news of her conception and miraculous pregnancy with Jesus. Mary retreats to a secluded place and gives birth to Jesus alone. When the people accuse her of immorality, she points to the infant Jesus, who miraculously speaks in defense of his mother.
The surah also presents a dialogue between Jesus and his people, wherein Jesus declares his prophethood and his role as a servant of God. He refutes claims of his divinity and asserts the oneness of God. The surah highlights the power and authority of Allah and warns those who associate partners with Him.
Additionally, Surah Maryam stresses the importance of belief in the Day of Judgment and the consequences of one’s actions in the afterlife. It calls on people to recognize their Creator, submit to Him, and seek forgiveness for their sins.
The surah concludes by emphasizing the distinction between the righteous and the wicked, assuring believers of their ultimate success and promising them Paradise. It encourages individuals to be steadfast in their faith and to worship Allah sincerely.