Surah An-Naml, also known as “The Ant,” is the 27th chapter of the Quran. It consists of 93 verses and is named after the story of the ant mentioned in verse 18. The surah covers a range of themes including the power and majesty of Allah, the stories of previous prophets, and the importance of recognizing and submitting to the signs of Allah’s existence and guidance.
The surah begins with praise and glorification of Allah, emphasizing His knowledge and wisdom. It highlights how everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him and how He has control over all affairs. This serves as a reminder to believers of the greatness and omnipotence of Allah.
The story of the ant and Prophet Solomon (Sulaiman) is then narrated. The ant warns its fellow ants of the approaching army of Solomon, as it did not want them to be inadvertently crushed. This incident demonstrates the intelligence and communication among creatures, and also serves as a lesson in humility and respect for all of Allah’s creation.
The surah goes on to recount the stories of various prophets, such as Moses (Musa) and Abraham (Ibrahim), and the challenges they faced while delivering the message of monotheism to their people. These stories serve as examples of faith, perseverance, and the consequences of disbelief.
In verse 40, the Queen of Sheba (Bilqis) is mentioned. She is intrigued by the reports of Solomon’s wealth and power and decides to visit him. When she witnesses the miracles and wisdom granted to Solomon by Allah, she acknowledges the truth of his message and submits to the worship of Allah alone. This story serves as a reminder that true power and wealth come from Allah and that those who recognize His signs will find guidance.
Throughout the surah, Allah emphasizes the importance of recognizing and reflecting upon the signs of His existence and power present in the natural world. The alternation of night and day, the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of creatures are all mentioned as signs of Allah’s presence and His ability to create and sustain life.
The surah also warns against the consequences of disbelief and arrogance. It reminds the disbelievers of past civilizations that were destroyed due to their rejection of the prophets and their messages. These stories serve as a reminder that the same fate could befall those who persist in their rejection of the truth.
Towards the end of the surah, believers are reminded of the importance of patience, trust in Allah, and the necessity of seeking knowledge and guidance. It encourages believers to uphold prayer, enjoin good, and forbid evil. It also emphasizes the importance of gratitude and warns against taking Allah’s blessings for granted.