Surah Al-Qalam, also known as “The Pen,” is the sixty-eighth chapter of the Quran. It is a Makkan surah consisting of 52 verses. The surah addresses several themes, including the importance of knowledge, the consequences of arrogance and disbelief, and the rewards of righteousness and patience.
The surah begins with Allah swearing an oath by the pen and what is written with it. This emphasizes the significance of knowledge and the written word. It highlights the responsibility of individuals to seek knowledge, preserve it, and use it for the betterment of themselves and society.
The surah then narrates the story of the people of the garden who were blessed with abundant fruits but became arrogant and ungrateful. They refused to share their blessings with the poor and neglected their duty towards charity. As a consequence, their garden was destroyed, and they were left in regret and loss. This story serves as a warning against arrogance, selfishness, and neglecting the rights of others.
The surah then addresses the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and assures him of his noble character. It defends him against the accusations of being possessed or insane that were made by the disbelievers of Makkah. It highlights the Prophet’s patience and advises him to ignore the insults and mockery of those who reject his message.
Furthermore, Surah Qalam describes the wicked nature of the disbelievers who oppose the Prophet and spread falsehood. They are warned of the severe punishment that awaits them in the Hereafter. The surah emphasizes that their disbelief is a result of their own arrogance and stubbornness, and it highlights the importance of humility and submission to Allah.
The surah also speaks about the Day of Judgment, where every individual’s actions will be accounted for. It describes the scene when the disbelievers will be brought to Hell, and they will be asked about the wrong they committed. The surah emphasizes that the disbelievers will have no excuse on that day, and their fate will be a result of their own choices.
In contrast, Surah Qalam mentions the rewards and blessings that await the righteous believers. It describes the Paradise and the delights that will be granted to those who fear Allah and do good deeds. It encourages believers to be patient and steadfast in their faith, assuring them that their efforts will be rewarded in this world and the Hereafter.
The surah concludes with a reminder of the significance of the Quran as a source of guidance and wisdom. It emphasizes that the Prophet Muhammad is not possessed, as claimed by the disbelievers, but is indeed a mercy for all of creation. The surah encourages the believers to uphold the teachings of the Quran and follow the example of the Prophet in their daily lives.