Surah Fajr, also known as Chapter 89 of the Quran, is a powerful and profound chapter that carries numerous lessons and messages for humanity. It consists of 30 verses and is named after the Arabic word “Fajr,” which refers to the dawn or the break of day.
Surah Fajr begins with an oath, as Allah swears by the dawn and the ten nights, highlighting the significance and importance of time in the grand scheme of creation. It serves as a reminder that time is a valuable resource bestowed upon us by Allah, and we should utilize it wisely to seek His pleasure and do good deeds.
The Surah then takes a historical turn, recalling the destruction of the people of ‘Ad, Thamud, and Pharaoh, who were arrogant and transgressed the boundaries set by Allah. Their arrogance led to their downfall, as Allah’s punishment befell them, serving as a warning for all generations to come. This emphasizes the importance of humility, obedience, and avoiding arrogance in the face of divine guidance.
Furthermore, Surah Fajr discusses the theme of ingratitude and how it leads to the downfall of nations and individuals. It mentions the story of the people of Thamud, who were blessed with a magnificent rock formation called Al-Hijr. However, instead of being grateful, they turned away from Allah’s guidance and engaged in corruption and disbelief. As a result, they were destroyed by a terrible earthquake.
The Surah also highlights the concept of trust and betrayal. It narrates the story of Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) and how his brothers conspired against him, throwing him into a well out of jealousy. This act of betrayal showcases the consequences of envy and treachery. However, the story doesn’t end there, as Yusuf later rises to power and forgives his brothers, demonstrating the power of forgiveness and the ultimate triumph of righteousness.
Surah Fajr further emphasizes the importance of accountability and the Day of Judgment. It speaks about the Day when the secrets of hearts will be revealed, and every soul will be held accountable for its deeds. It serves as a reminder that our actions in this worldly life will have consequences in the hereafter, urging us to lead a life of righteousness and seek forgiveness from Allah.
Moreover, Surah Fajr touches upon the theme of wealth and its misuse. It refers to the people of ‘Ad, who were blessed with abundant resources but became extravagant and corrupt. They hoarded wealth and failed to help the poor and needy. This warns against the love of material possessions and encourages believers to utilize their wealth for the betterment of society.