Surah Al-Falaq, also known as “The Daybreak,” is the 113th chapter of the Quran. It is a short chapter consisting of five verses, and it holds great significance for Muslims. Surah Al-Falaq was revealed in Makkah during the early period of Prophet Muhammad’s mission. It addresses the Prophet’s enemies, who sought to harm him and his followers. It serves as a spiritual and protective guidance for the believers, teaching them how to seek refuge in Allah from various types of evil.
The Surah begins with the Arabic phrase “Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim,” which translates to “In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.” This opening reflects the importance of seeking Allah’s protection and mercy before reciting the Surah.
The first verse states, “Say, ‘I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak.'” Here, the believers are instructed to seek refuge in Allah, acknowledging Him as the ultimate source of power and protection. It reminds them to rely on Allah’s strength rather than their own, especially in times of difficulty or adversity.
The Surah then mentions three specific types of evil and urges seeking protection from them. It says, “From the evil of that which He created, from the evil of darkness when it settles, and from the evil of the blowers in knots.” These verses encompass a wide range of threats, both physical and spiritual.
The “evil of that which He created” refers to the harm that can come from any of Allah’s creation, including humans, animals, or natural disasters. It reminds the believers that nothing can harm them without the permission of Allah, and seeking His refuge is their best defense.
The “evil of darkness when it settles” refers to the unseen dangers that lurk in the darkness of night. It symbolizes the spiritual perils, such as ignorance, superstitions, and moral corruption. By seeking refuge in Allah, believers are protected from falling into these dark paths.
The “evil of the blowers in knots” refers to the practice of witchcraft, sorcery, or black magic. It warns against those who blow on knots or use occult practices to harm others. Seeking refuge in Allah shields believers from the harm caused by such practitioners of evil.
Surah Al-Falaq concludes with the affirmation of Allah’s protection and His ability to guard against all forms of harm. It states, “And from the evil of an envier when he envies.” This verse highlights the importance of seeking refuge in Allah from the envy and jealousy of others, as these negative emotions can lead to harm.