Surah Fatiha Tafseer

شروع الله کے نام سے جو بڑا مہربان نہایت رحم والا ہے ِ
سب طرح کی تعریف خدا ہی کو (سزاوار) ہے جو تمام مخلوقات کا پروردگار ہے ﴿۱﴾ بڑا مہربان نہایت رحم والا ﴿۲﴾ انصاف کے دن کا حاکم ﴿۳﴾ (اے پروردگار) ہم تیری ہی عبادت کرتے ہیں اور تجھ ہی سے مدد مانگتے ہیں ﴿۴﴾ ہم کو سیدھے رستے چلا ﴿۵﴾ ان لوگوں کے رستے جن پر تو اپنا فضل وکرم کرتا رہا نہ ان کے جن پر غصے ہوتا رہا اور نہ گمراہوں کے ﴿۶﴾

Surah Al-Fatiha, also known as “The Opening,” is the first chapter of the Quran and is recited in every unit of the Muslim prayer. It is a highly revered Surah and holds great significance in Islamic worship. While I can provide a brief explanation of Surah Al-Fatiha, it’s important to note that different scholars and commentators may have varying interpretations and tafseer (exegesis) of this Surah.

Surah Al-Fatiha consists of seven verses and is often described as a concise summary of the entire Quran. It covers fundamental aspects of faith and serves as a guide for Muslims in their relationship with Allah.

Here is a general overview of the tafseer (interpretation) of Surah Al-Fatiha:

Verse 1: “In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.” This verse establishes the concept of beginning any action or endeavor with the name of Allah, emphasizing His mercy and compassion.

Verse 2: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.” Here, Muslims acknowledge and express gratitude to Allah, recognizing Him as the Lord and Sustainer of everything in existence.

Verse 3: “The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.” These attributes of Allah highlight His boundless mercy, compassion, and forgiveness towards His creation.

Verse 4: “Master of the Day of Judgment.” This verse acknowledges Allah’s sovereignty and authority over the Day of Judgment when everyone will be held accountable for their actions.

Verse 5: “You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help.” Muslims affirm their exclusive devotion and worship to Allah alone, recognizing that He is the ultimate source of guidance, strength, and assistance.

Verse 6: “Guide us on the Straight Path,” This verse is a supplication to Allah, seeking His guidance to follow the righteous path that leads to salvation and success.

Verse 7: “the path of those who have received Your grace; not the path of those who have brought down wrath upon themselves, nor of those who have gone astray.” In this concluding verse, Muslims pray to be guided on the path of those who have earned Allah’s blessings, while seeking protection from the paths of those who have incurred His anger or gone astray.

Overall, Surah Al-Fatiha serves as an introduction to the Quran and encompasses essential themes of acknowledging Allah’s attributes, seeking guidance, expressing gratitude, and recognizing the importance of following the right path.


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